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US, Egypt Helped Both Sides Reach Agreement

GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip –  Israel and the  Hamas militant group agreed to a cease-fire Wednesday to end eight days of the  fiercest fighting in nearly four years, promising to halt air strikes and rocket  attacks that have killed scores and to discuss easing an Israeli blockade  constricting the Gaza Strip.

Cheering Gazans emerged from their homes after a week, flooding the streets  in wild celebration. Gunmen fired in the air, and chants of “God is Great”  echoed from mosque loudspeakers. Residents hugged and kissed in celebration,  while others distributed candy and waved Hamas flags.

“I just hope they commit to peace,” said Abdel-Nasser al-Tom, from northern  Gaza.

However, a dozen rockets hit southern Israel until an hour after the  cease-fire deadline, authorities said, and schools in the region planned to stay  shut Thursday as a precaution in case rockets continue to be launched.

The deal was brokered by the new Islamist government of Egypt, solidifying  its role as a leader in the quickly shifting Middle East after two days of  intense shuttle diplomacy that saw U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham  Clinton race to the region. Under the agreement, Egypt will play a key role in  maintaining the peace.

Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal said the deal included an agreement to open all  border crossings with the Gaza Strip, including the important Rafah crossing  with Egypt. A copy of the deal obtained by The Associated Press appeared to be  somewhat vague about the details on the crossings.

“The document provides for the opening of all crossings,” he insisted.

Minutes before the deal took effect at 9 p.m. local time. (2 p.m. EDT) there  was a spasm of Palestinian rocket attacks and Israeli airstrikes, including one  that killed a Gaza man minutes before the deadline. After 9 p.m., the airstrikes  ceased, but a dozen more rockets hit, police said. The stragglers did not seem  to pose a threat to the truce deal.

Israel had launched well over 1,500 airstrikes and other attacks on targets  in Gaza since fighting started Nov. 14, while more than 1,500 rockets pounded  Israel. In all, 161 Palestinians, including dozens of civilians, were killed,  while five Israelis died.

Standing next to Clinton, Egypt’s foreign minister, Mohammed Kamel Amr,  announced the truce breakthrough that capped days of intense efforts that drew  the world’s top diplomats into the fray.

The agreement will “improve conditions for the people of Gaza and provide  security for the people of Israel,” Clinton said at the news conference in  Cairo.

In Israel, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said he agreed to the cease-fire  after consulting with President Barack Obama to allow Israeli civilians to get  back to their lives. He said the two leaders also agreed to work together  against weapon smuggling into Gaza, a statement confirmed by the White  House.

Netanyahu also left the door open to a possible ground invasion of Gaza at a  later date.

“I know there are citizens that expected a wider military operation and it  could be that it will be needed. But at this time, the right thing for the state  of Israel is to take this opportunity to reach a lasting ceasefire,” he  said.

According to a copy of the agreement obtained by The Associated Press, Israel  and all Palestinian militant groups agreed to halt “all hostilities.” For the  Palestinians, that means an end to Israeli airstrikes and assassinations of  wanted militants. For Israel, it brings a halt to rocket fire and attempts at  cross-border incursions from Gaza.

After a 24-hour cooling off period, it calls for “opening the crossings and  facilitating the movement of people and transfer of goods, and refraining from  restricting residents’ free movement.”

Hamas officials said details on the new border arrangements would have to be  negotiated.

Israel imposed its blockade of Gaza after Hamas, a militant group sworn to  Israel’s destruction, seized control of the territory five years ago. It has  gradually eased the closure, but continues to restrict the movement of certain  goods through Israeli-controlled crossings. Among the restrictions: a  near-complete ban on exports, limited movement of people leaving the territory,  and limits on construction materials that Israel says could be used for military  use.

The deal was vague on what limits Israel would lift, and whether Gaza’s  southern passenger terminal on the Egyptian border would be expanded to allow  cargo to pass through as well. The deal was also unclear about a key Israeli  demand for an end to arms smuggling into Gaza in tunnels underneath the border  with Egypt.

Under the agreement, Egypt will play a key role. It said “Egypt shall receive  assurances from each party” that they are committed to the deal.

“Each party shall commit itself not to perform any acts that would break this  understanding,” it adds. “In case of any observations, Egypt — as the sponsor of  this understanding — shall be informed to follow up.”

The deal marked a key victory for Egypt’s new Islamist government, which is  caught in a balancing act between its allegiance to Hamas and its need to  maintain good relations with Israel and the U.S. Hamas is an offshoot of Egypt’s  ruling Muslim Brotherhood.

The agreement came after Clinton shuttled across the region to help broker an  end to the violence. She ended her meetings in Cairo, where Egyptian President  Mohammed Morsi mediated between Israel and Hamas. U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon also  flew across the region as part of the diplomatic cease-fire push.

Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak said the military had achieved its goals  of strengthening Israel’s deterrence capabilities and hammering militants in  Gaza.

“We expect the agreements to be fully honored, but from past experience we  are aware it might be short-lived,” he said.

Hours before the deal was announced, a bomb exploded on a bus in Tel Aviv  near Israel’s military headquarters that wounded 27 people and led to fears of a  breakdown in the shuttle diplomacy Clinton and U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon were  conducting in the region.

The blast, which left the bus charred and its windows blown out, was the  first bombing in Tel Aviv since 2006. It appeared aimed at sparking Israeli  fears of a return to the violence of the Palestinian uprising last decade, which  killed more than 1,000 Israelis in bombings and shooting attacks and left more  than 5,000 Palestinians dead as well.

The blast was from a device placed inside the bus by a man who then got off,  said Yitzhak Aharonovich, Israel’s minister of internal security,

While Hamas did not take responsibility for the attack, it praised the  bombing.

“We consider it a natural response to the occupation crimes and the ongoing  massacres against civilians in the Gaza Strip,” Hamas spokesman Fawzi Barhoum  told The Associated Press.

Bassem Ezbidi, a West Bank political analyst, said it was unlikely Hamas  itself was behind the attack, since it would not want to risk losing any of the  international support it gained in recent days.

“If Hamas wants to target civilians it would do so by firing rockets, but not  by buses because such attacks left a negative record in the minds of people.  Hamas doesn’t need this now,” he said.

The bombing came as 10,000 Palestinians sought shelter in 12 U.N.-run  schools, after Israel dropped leaflets urging residents to vacate their homes in  some areas of Gaza to avoid being hit by airstrikes, said Adnan Abu Hassna, the  U.N. Relief and Works Agency spokesman.

The influx of displaced people came a day after the head of UNRWA, Filippo  Grandi, warned that the agency urgently needed $12 million to continue  distributing food to the neediest Gazans. The agency runs schools, shelters and  food programs for hundreds of thousands of Palestinian refugees and their  descendants in Gaza.

Huge clouds of black smoke rose above the Gaza City skyline Wednesday as  airstrikes pounded a sports stadium, used as a launch site for rocket attacks on  Israel in the past, and a high-rise office building housing Hamas-affiliated  media offices, but also Agence France-Presse.

AFP reporters said they evacuated their fourth-floor office Tuesday, after an  initial strike targeted sixth-floor offices linked to Hamas and other smaller  factions.

A 4-year-old boy was killed in the second attack on the high-rise Wednesday,  Gaza health official Ashraf al-Kidra said. The boy, Abdel-Rahman Naim, was in  his family apartment in the building when he was struck by shrapnel and died on  the way to Gaza’s Shifa Hospital, al-Kidra said.

Washington blames Hamas rocket fire for the outbreak of violence and has  backed Israel’s right to defend itself, but has cautioned that an Israeli ground  invasion could send casualties soaring.

Source: Fox News

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Posted by on November 21, 2012. Filed under Israeli News,Slider. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. Both comments and pings are currently closed.